Your leadership style affects the motivation, effectiveness and productivity of employees. Different types of leadership styles generate different results. There are times when one type of leadership style is the overt style in an office, but other styles are incorporated in specific department needs. Understanding how various leadership styles affect productivity allows leaders to analyze and adapt for effectiveness.
Democratic Leadership Style
The democratic leadership style takes the stance that everyone's opinion counts. Employees like this style because they feel empowered and engaged in the success of the company. However, sometimes employee input on major company decisions can be negative. When one group of employees outvotes another group, the losing group can harbor resentment because their ideas were not implemented.
The democratic leadership style also creates confusion about the company's direction because no one is sitting at the helm giving that direction. Confusion about business direction and leadership negatively affects productivity.
Coaching Leadership Style
The coaching leadership style has a positive impact on morale and productivity. Leaders who coach not only encourage team members but also look at what works and what doesn't to target areas of growth. Employees feel good that action plans help them improve rather than focus on negative qualities or performance problems.
Employees feel the company is investing in their success. Coaching doesn't work if it isn't consistent and done as a standard part of employee training and review.
Pacesetting Leadership Style
The pacesetting leadership style is common where leaders set the bar for productivity through personal actions. While pacesetters are inspiring, staff can become burnt out trying to keep up with the leader. This leadership style results in a lack of motivation because employees feel there is no way to keep up, and they stop trying. This style can be effective when mixed with coaching leadership to build employees' skills and abilities to perform at higher levels.
The authoritative leadership style puts lines in the sand and enforces those lines without flexibility. This leadership style can work in areas of a company such as sales where a team must hit specific sales goals for company profitability. However, when the authoritative leadership style is the dominant style in an office, employees feel fearful that any misstep can result in being fired. Authoritative leaders need to incorporate other styles such as coaching to help employees define goals and set standards and timelines for improvement to meet and exceed goals.
Affiliative Leadership Style
The affiliative leadership style focuses on developing friendships among the team and leaders. This style creates a positive work environment where employees trust leaders and share details about problems or issues in departments. However, the affiliative leadership style makes it difficult for managers to make disciplinary decisions, announce layoffs or bypass a friend for promotion.